This is the formula used to calculate the heating surface of a power plant boiler:
An HRT boiler is 5 ft in diameter and 16 ft long. It contains 60 tubes of 3 inch outside diameter and 2.732 inch inside diameter. Find the boiler-heating surface. Take the inner surface of tubes, half of the shell surface, and two-thirds of the tube plate area, less the area of the tube holes.
Circumference of shell = 5 * 3.14 = 15.700 ft
Half circumference of shell = 15,700 * ½ = 7.850 ft
Area of half of shell = 7.850 * 16 = 125.60 sq. ft
Inner circumference of fire tube = 2.732 * 3.14 = 8.578 in or 8.578 / 12 = 0.7148ft
Surface of one tube = 0.7148 * 16 = 11.437 sq. ft
Surface of 60 tubes = 60 * 11.437 = 686.2 sq. ft
Total area of one tube sheet = 0.785 * 5 * 5 = 19.625
Two-thirds area one tube sheet = 2/3 * 19.625 = 13.083 sq. ft
Area of one tube hole = 0.785 * 3 * 3 = 7.065 sq. in
Area of 60 tube holes = 60 * 7.065 = 423.9 sq. in or 423.9 / 144 = 2.94 sq. ft
Net heating surface of one tube sheet = 13.08 – 2.94 = 10.14 sq. ft
Net surface of two tube sheets = 10.14 * 2 = 20.28 sq. ft
Total net area = 125.60 + 686.2 + 20.28 = 832.08 sq. ft
832 sq. ft
One evening while doing plant rounds I noticed something odd out of the corner of my eye. Flames coming out of the top of the front burner plate of boiler #1! My training and experience kicked in and the first thing I did was run to the plant office and get my camera. I had heard of this happening and had seen pictures of it but never in person. After the photo shoot I secured boiler 1 and had boiler 3 online. What an adventure!
Unit needs a steam coil – shut off.
Fungi / Yeast
Roof Tower 3
Roof Tower 4
Plant rounds and readings in the Energy Center. Warmed #1 Boiler. Blew down #3 Boiler and checked LWCO. Tested boiler & Cooling tower water and logged. Med gas Manifold readings. Metasys Checks and Cold and/or warm calls. Added salt. worked on P.M.’s